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Make a system state backup before you start your migration project

Make a system state backup before you start your migration project

Migrating Active Directory from one server to a new server will change the structure of your AD and if for some reason you need to roll back you must have a System State backup.

The normal backup routine from any SBS or any Windows Server with the Essentials Experience role installed and the backup configured with the Dashboard does not include a System State Backup you can use to restore System State only.

If you try to restore System State from a backup made by the Dashboard routine you will soon find the Active Directory is no longer functional and all will fail.

Those backups are only for bare metal restores and that means ‘everything’ that was one your drives. That is not what you want so we make a separate System State backup.

If you are migrating to Windows Server 2016 and you use How to migrate from SBS 2011 to Windows Server 2016 (Essentials) or you are migrate to Windows Server 2012 R2 and you use Migrate from SBS 2011 Standard to Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials then this procedure is part of your migration and must be completed before you start the migration.

A System State Backup on SBS 2011 is made with wbadmin.exe command line utility. If you want to know more about this utility have a look at this Technet document Wbadmin

  1. On the SBS 2011 open an elevated command prompt. Choose ‘Run as administrator’.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  2. Click Yes
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  3. Type wbadmin start systemstatebackup –backuptarget:e: where e: in my case is the portable USB drive I always have with me to make System State Backups. You cannot backup to a shared folder or a mapped drive, it must be a USB drive with at least 500GB free space. It is your insurance if anything goes wrong! If you get a warning that there is some error in the command and you copied it from this site please try to type the command. Type [Y] to continue
    wbadmin start systemstatebackup –backuptarget:e:
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  4. This can take awhile. Be patient and let it complete.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  5. Finally it is done.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  6. After this is done you can have a look in the folder that contains the backup. You need to grant yourself access and then you will see it created a folder with the server name.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project

If you are migrating to Windows Server 2016 and you use How to migrate from SBS 2008 to Windows Server 2016 (Essentials) or you are migrate to Windows Server 2012 R2 and you use How to migrate from SBS 2008 Standard to Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials then this procedure is part of your migration and must be completed before you start the migration.

A System State Backup on SBS 2008 is made with wbadmin.exe command line utility. If you want to know more about this utility have a look at this Technet document Wbadmin

  1. On the SBS 2008 open an elevated command prompt. Choose ‘Run as administrator’.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  2. Click Yes
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  3. Type wbadmin start systemstatebackup –backuptarget:e: where e: in my case is the portable USB drive I always have with me to make System State Backups. You cannot backup to a shared folder or a mapped drive, it must be a USB drive with at least 500GB free space. It is your insurance if anything goes wrong! If you get a warning that there is some error in the command and you copied it from this site please try to type the command. Type [Y] to continue
    wbadmin start systemstatebackup –backuptarget:e:
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  4. This can take awhile. Be patient and let it complete.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  5. Finally it is done.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  6. After this is done you can have a look in the folder that contains the backup. You need to grant yourself access and then you will see it created a folder with the server name.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project

If you are migrating to Windows Server 2016 and you use How to migrate from SBS 2003 R2 Premium to Windows Server 2016 (Essentials) or you are migrate to Windows Server 2012 R2 and you use How to migrate from SBS 2003 R2 Premium to Windows Server 2012 R2 (Essentials) then this procedure is part of your migration and must be completed before you start the migration.

A System State backup on SBS 2003 is made with NTBackup. If you want to more about this tool read Backing Up and Restoring Data for Windows Server 2003

  1. From the Start Menu choose Backup from System Tools
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  2. Click Advanced Mode
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  3. Check System State
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  4. Make sure you save the backup on another drive like a portable USB drive and name it something that makes sense to you like ‘SystemState’.
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  5. Click Start Backup
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  6. Backup is working
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project
  7. It is ready, click close
    How to make a system state backup before you start your migration project

 

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www.server-essentials.com is founded by Mariette Knap, a Dutch Microsoft MVP. www.server-essentials.com is a community for IT Consultants and Business Owners who, themselves, take care of the IT infrastructure and Employees who do that little extra in the company to keep things running. Our forum is for discussing all things ‘IT’ and more.  Our documentation is top notch and written by and for the community.

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